Sleep paralysis occurs when a person is between waking and sleeping conditions. Sleep paralysis is a big problem for some people and this symptom causes a sensation of fear. In this case, individuals experience full consciousness but unable to move. This phenomenon will not cause serious effects on the physical of human being; however, this phenomenon is very disturbing at least psychologically.
This phenomenon can be divided into two; hypnopompic and hynagogic. Hynagogic occurs prior to sleep, and hypnopompic occurs after waking from sleep. It is commonly called REM / Rapid Eye Movement. This phenomenon is even considered to be caused by the disruption of a ghost in some countries in Asia.
Normally when you sleep, the human body will be relax and diminishing awareness. However, in the hypnagogic phenomena, consciousness remains there, while the body is in a condition of forced. In this case, the individual realizes that he cannot move and this raises a panic feeling. Whereas in the case of REM, some parts of the brain that control paralysis do not work, so people can move some parts of the body but not freely.
Hynagogic is considered more frightening than the hypnopompic. A study by Penn State University found that 8 percent of the US population regularly experience sleep paralysis. They also found that people with psychological problems are likely to develop sleep paralysis. Even most of those using certain drugs to cope with this phenomenon.
At least there are some causing factors of sleep paralysis:
1. Sleep disorders and narcolepsy
2. Lack of sleep
3. Stress and bipolar syndrome
5. Drugs chemistry
In general, sleep paralysis causes people to freeze for a few seconds to a minute or two. In some cases they experience longer. Most cases can be resolved with the help of a sleep specialist and a psychologist. Experts only recommend the use of drugs if they find serious condition. They may recommend sufferers to consume certain drugs that can increase drowsiness and calming effect on the mind. Anti-depressants may be used. Experts advise everyone to sleep at least 8 hours a day. A good sleep pattern can reduce the risk of sleep paralysis.